We have brought about practically every change imaginable through our long association with the dog. Some of these changes were made out of necessity, such as to help the man with a specific type of labor, while others were made only for fashion and style. Some are beneficial to the dog, while others are not. Dogs are categorized into various groups by the English Kennel Club.

The Pastoral Group

This includes herding dogs, who are bred to assist the owner in controlling and caring for his livestock. These dogs are often lively, playful, and enjoy chasing, and they are quite easy to train for the work they will be doing. German Shepherd is one example.

The Gundog Group

This group includes retrievers, setters, and spaniels, originally bred to find and retrieve games. In most cases, they’re bred to work closely with men, be friendly, and have a good retrieving instinct. Some examples – Golden Retriever, Labrador Retriever, and Cocker Spaniel.

The Terrier Group

Originally, these dogs were bred to do a task that required killing. As a result, they are often more self-reliant, bold, and rugged. When a dog gets stuck in a hole, he must make his own decisions rather than waiting to be told what to do. Because of selective breeding, most terriers make great pets with strong personalities. Here are several examples: Bull Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier.

The Toy Dog Group

The majority of the dogs in this group were bred to be lap dogs or companions. They make lovely pets and are generally friendly. Yorkshire Terrier is one example.

The Working Group

Many of these dogs were bred for guarding and searching, possibly to protect humans or animals. Search and rescue dogs have also been developed to pull carts, boats, or sleighs. Here are several examples: Doberman, Rottweiler, Boxer.

The Hounds Group

This includes both dogs who hunt by sight and those that hunt by scent. Many of these dogs were bred to hunt in packs, and they are particularly independent, preferring to run and do their own thing. Here are a few examples: English Foxhound.

The Utility Group

These are breeds that don’t belong in any of the other groups. All have been bred for a different purpose, but they differ greatly, so the dogs in this group are highly diverse. These groups do not include all dogs. There are some breeds that the English Kennel Club does not recognize.

The Kennel Club does not formally recognize all dogs. The following dogs are among them:

Jack Russell Terriers

For many generations, these dogs have been bred for their working abilities. Size, coat texture, shape, and temperament are all factors that influence their appearance.

Working Sheepdogs

This term referred to the breed of dog commonly seen working on farms and kept as a pet by many people. Border Collies is a common nickname for them. They are likely to have strong working instincts and be energetic and lively, needing a lot of physical activity.


Originally, he was a Greyhound and a Border Collie mix. Traditionally bred by gypsies or poachers to produce a dog that can capture and retrieve rabbits with the Greyhound speed and the trainability of a Border Collie. A lurcher is now a dog breed with many different breeds in his genetic makeup.

The First Cross

Although they were of different breeds, this dog’s parents were both pedigrees with known ancestry.


Although each parent may contain different breeds, technically, this is a dog with known parents.


A mongrel is a dog with no known parentage. Mongrels make up a big part of the dog population, and there are many amazing, distinct qualities among them, although this term is frequently used as a directory term by many people and breeders.